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Elementary Library: Ancient Rome

Shannon Coyne

Ancient Rome



Ancient Rome was a powerful and important civilization that ruled much of Europe for nearly 1000 years. The culture of Ancient Rome was spread throughout Europe during its rule. As a result, Rome's culture still has an impact in the world today.

Roman Gods

The Romans believed in many different gods and goddesses. For everything imaginable they had a god or goddess in charge. Mars for example was the god of war. This meant he was good at fighting and it meant that he had most of all the soldiers at heart. A Roman soldier would hence most likely pray to Mars for strength in battle. 
Minerva was the goddess of wisdom, intelligence and learning. Not many soldiers would ask her for help. But perhaps a schoolboy would ask her to help him learn his grammar or understand his maths better !


Tour Through Ancient Rome



Romulus and Remus

The ancient Romans loved myths and legends.  As Rome grew and became great, the Romans invented a myth to explain why they had the right to rule everyone else.  This was the myth of Romulus and Remus.

The myth of Romulus and Remus

Rhea was a princess and a mortal woman who was married to Mars, the Roman god of war.  Rhea and Mars had twin sons and named them Romulus and Remus.  Some of the other gods were jealous of Mars and Rhea, and plotted to kill Romulus and Remus.  Rhea heard about the plot.  Since Mars was away she needed to protect the boys.  She put them in a basket and set it floating down the river hoping that they would be found.  They were found by a female wolf who decided to raise them as her own cubs.  After the boys had grown some the wolf knew she couldn't keep them so she put them where a shepherd would find them.  The shepherd and his wife continued to raise Romulus and Remus.

As the boys grew into manhood, they decided to build a city and rule it as its king.  They had a contest to see who would be the top king.  When it appeared that Remus was going to win the contest, Romulus got so angry that he killed Remus with a rock and became the first king of Rome.  This is an important story for Romans since their city was started by the son of a god it had to be more powerful than any other city.

Now look at the names Romulus and Rome.  This is supposed to be how Rome got its name.

The Lost Hero

The Lost Hero is a  fantasy-adventure novel written by Rick Riordan and is based on Greek and Roman mythology. It is the first book in the series The Heroes of Olympus, the next series about Camp Half-Blood. It was preceded by the Percy Jackson & the Olympians series, which focused solely on Greek mythology.

Cool Facts

  • Did Romans go to school?

    Most children in Roman times did not go to school. Only quite rich families could afford to pay a teacher. Most schools were in towns. Not many girls went to school, but some were taught at home by tutors, who were often educated slaves. Boys from rich families learned history, maths, and literature at school, to prepare them for jobs in the army or government. In poor families, girls and boys had to work, helping their parents.

  • What were Roman toys like?

    Roman children had some toys very like ones we play with today - such as toy soldiers, rattles, balls, doll's houses, carts and pull-along animals on wheels. Even poor children had board games, using pebbles for counters, and wooden dolls. Some dolls had moveable arms and legs. Roman children had ivory letters to practise their spellings with. Favourite Roman pets were dogs, birds and monkeys.

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