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21st c Teaching & Learning (MakerSpace & More): Visible Thinking

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Additional Resources

Articles on Thinking Dispositions

"Making Thinking Visible" Ron Ritchhart and David Perkins. "Making Thinking Visible," Educational Leadership 65, no. 5 (February 2008): 57-61.

"Uncovering Students' Thinking about Thinking Using Concept Maps"- a paper prepared for the AERA Conference, March 2008.

Cultivating a Culture of Thinking in Museums Ron Ritchhart, “Cultivating a Culture of Thinking in Museums,” Journal of Museum Education 32, no. 2 (Summer 2007): 137-54.

Schools Need to Pay More Attention to "Intelligence in the Wild" David N. Perkins, “Schools Need to Pay More Attention to "Intelligence in the Wild," Harvard Education Letter (May/June 2000)

Intelligence in the Wild David N. Perkins and others, “Intelligence in the Wild: A Dispositional View of Intellectual Traits,” Educational Psychology Review 12, no. 3 (2000): 269–93.

Why Teach Habits of Mind? Shari Tishman, “Why Teach Habits of Mind?” inDiscovering and Exploring Habits of Mind, ed. Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick (Alexandria, VA: ASCD, 2000), 41-52.

Life in the Mindful Classroom: Nurturing the Disposition of Mindfulness Ron Ritchhart and David N. Perkins, “Life in the Mindful Classroom: Nurturing the Disposition of Mindfulness,” Journal of Social Issues 56, no. 1 (2000), 27–47.

Making Thinking Visible David N. Perkins, “Making Thinking Visible,” (2003)

Visible Thinking Shari Tishman and Patricia Palmer, “Visible Thinking,” Leadership Compass 2, no. 4 (Summer 2005).

Works of art are a good thing to think about Shari Tishman & Patricia Palmer. "Works of art are a good thing to think about: A study of the impact of the Artful Thinking program on students' concepts of thinking. In Evaluating the Impact of Arts and Cultural Education. Paris: Centre Pompidou, 89-101.

The object of their attention Shari Tishman. "The object of their attention". Education Leadership, February 2008. 65 (5) pp. 44-46

Thinking about Thinking: Preservice teachers stregthen their thinking artfully Susan Barahal. "Thinking about Thinking: Preservice teachers stregthen their thinking artfully". Phi Delta Kappan, 90 (4). pp. 298-302

Visible Thinking Rountines

Core Routines

The core routines are a set of seven or so routines that target different types of thinking from across the modules. These routines are easy to get started with and are commonly found in Visible Thinking teachers' toolkits. Try getting started with with one of these routines.

What Makes You Say That? Interpretation with justification routine

Think Puzzle Explore A routine that sets the stage for deeper inquiry

Think Pair Share A routine for active reasoning and explanation

Circle of Viewpoints A routine for exploring diverse perspectives

I used to Think... Now I think... A routine for reflecting on how and why our thinking has changed

See Think Wonder A routine for exploring works of art and other 
interesting things

Compass Points A routine for examining propositions


(This will download all Core Routines)

Understanding Routines

Connect Extend ChallengeA routine for connecting new ideas to prior knowledge

Explanation Game A routine for exploring causal understanding

Headlines A routine for capturing essence

Question Starts A routine for creating thought-provoking questions

*Think Pair Share A routine for active reasoning and explanation

*Think Puzzle Explore A routine that sets the stage for deeper inquiry

*What makes you say that? Interpretation with justification routine

3-2-1 Bridge routine for activating prior knowledge and making connections

Colour, Symbol, Image A routine for distilling the essence of ideas non-verbally

Generate, Sort, Connect, Elaborate A routine for organizing one's understanding of a topic through concept mapping

Peel the Fruit A map for tracking and guiding understanding

 

*Consider starting with one of these routines

 
(This will download all Understanding Routines)

 

Truth Routines

*Claim Support Question A routine for clarifying truth claims

Hot Spots A routine noticing truth occassions

Stop Look Listen A routine for clarifying claims and seeking sources

*True for Who?A routine for considering viewpoints on truth

*Tug for Truth A routine for exploring tensions of truth

*Red Light, Yellow Light A routine focusing students on signs of puzzles of truth


*Consider starting with one of these routines

 

Fairness Routines

*Circle of Viewpoints A routine for exploring diverse perspectives

Here Now There Then A routine for considering presentist attitudes and judgments

Making it fair: Now Then Later A routine for finding actions

Reporter's Notebook A routine for separating fact and feeling

*Tug of War A routine for exploring the complexity of dilemmas

 

*Consider starting with one of these routines

 
(This will download all Fairness Routines)

 

Creativity Routines

*Creative Hunt A routine for looking at parts, purposes and audiences

*Creative Questions A routine for generating and transforming questions

Does it fit? A routine for thinking creatively about options

Options Diamond Exploring the tensions of decision making routine

*Options Explosion A routine for creative decision making

Step Inside: Perceive, Know, Care about A routine for getting inside perspectives

 

*Consider starting with one of these routines


(This will download all Creativity Routines)

 

 

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