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Middle School: Evaluating Infomation

Video: Fact vs Opinion

Evaluating Relevance

Evaluating Authority

Video: Evaluating Accuracy

Evaluating Accuracy

Evaluating Websites: The C.R.A.A.P. Test



Applying the C.R.A.A.P. Test

Currency: The timeliness of the information.

Is the information current enough for your topic?

Yes / No


Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.

Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?

Yes / No


Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?

Yes / No


Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?

Yes / No


Authority: The source of the information.

Is there an author/publisher/source/sponsor? Are they qualified to write about the topic?

Yes / No


Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net .com

Yes / No


Is there contact information such as a publisher’s address or an email address?



Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the informational content.

Is the information supported by evidence?

Yes / No


Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?

Yes / No


Is the information free of spelling, grammatical and typographical errors?

Yes / No


Is the information free of any political, cultural, religious, institutional, ideological, or personal biases?

Yes / No


Purpose: The reason the information exists.

Is the purpose of the information clear? (to inform; to  teach; to sell; to entertain; to persuade)

Yes / No


Does the author/sponsor make their purpose clear?

Yes / No


Does the point of view appear objective and impartial? or it it biased?

Yes / No


0-9  Don’t use.  10-12 Don’t base your project on this one. Some supporting facts would be good.

13 -14  A good choice. Look for two more that support this one.


____  / 14



CSU, Chico Merriam Library. (2012, October). ReSearch Station. Retrieved from


Video: Evaluating Purpose

Evaluating Purpose

Evaluating Websites


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